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Blog - Foot Doctor, Chambersburg, Waynesboro and McConnellsburg, PA

Monday, 05 August 2019 00:00

Symptoms and Causes of Poor Circulation

Poor circulation occurs when blood flow to a specific part of your body is reduced. Several conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity, can all lead to poor circulation. Unhealthy behaviors can be attributing factors, including smoking cigarettes, lack of exercise, and having high cholesterol. Poor circulation in the feet can be caused by peripheral artery disease, or PAD. PAD is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries. Poor circulation is also known to cause muscle pain, stiffness, skin discoloration, and erectile dysfunction. People who have diabetes and smoke are at the greatest risk for poor blood circulation, as well as those who are over the age of 50. Exercising and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can drastically improve conditions. If you are experiencing complications from poor circulation in your lower extremities, it is advised that you consult with a podiatrist.


 

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Dr. Steven Schwartz of Pennsylvania. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes Symptoms and Treatment for Poor Circulation in the Feet

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Monday, 29 July 2019 00:00

Possible Causes of Cracked Heels

There are many patients who experience the uncomfortable condition that is known as cracked heels. It develops as a result of dry skin that forms around the heel, and can cause pain and discomfort. There are a variety of reasons why cracked heels may form. These often include standing for extended periods of time, wearing shoes that have an open back, and a dry environment. Some patients have existing medical conditions that may lead to cracked heels, including thyroid disease, psoriasis, or athlete’s foot. Mild relief can be found when the feet are washed and thoroughly dried, followed by using a good moisturizer. If you suffer from having cracked heels, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can offer proper treatment remedies.

If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Steven Schwartz from Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • Invest in a good foot cream
  • Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • Ease up on Soaps
  • Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • Moisturize After Showering
  • Skip a Shower
  • Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels

Foot and ankle injuries are very common in sports, especially among people that play tennis, soccer and run on a regular basis. That is why it is necessary to take some precautions in order to prevent injury. To start off, it is important to warm up the muscles before a sporting activity. Doing a light stretch and a slow jog for two to three minutes will do the trick. A second tip is to condition your muscles. The amount of time spent on a certain activity should be increased gradually over a period of a couple weeks to build both muscle strength and mobility. A third tip is to choose athletic shoes that specifically fit your foot type. People whose feet pronate or who have low arches need shoes that provide support in both the front of the shoe and under the arch. It is also recommended to choose a shoe with more cushion and a softer platform. A fourth tip is to avoid running or stepping on uneven surfaces. Holes, tree stumps, roots and paths with a rocky terrain or loose gravel should be avoided when running. If you have ankle problems, it is best to run on a softer surface like asphalt instead of concrete. A final tip is to listen to your body. If foot and ankle pain is experienced during a sport, you should stop taking part in the activity until the pain fully subsides. It is vital to go through a full rehabilitation process before returning to the sport. This is done to prevent any recurrent injuries. If you have sustained a foot or ankle injury while playing a sport, it is advised to see a podiatrist. 


 

Foot and ankle trauma is common among athletes and the elderly. If you have concerns that you may have experienced trauma to the foot and ankle, consult with Dr. Steven Schwartz from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Foot and ankle trauma cover a range of injuries all over the foot; common injuries include:

  • Broken bones
  • Muscle strains
  • Injuries to the tendons and ligaments
  • Stress fractures

Symptoms

Symptoms of foot and ankle injuries vary depending on the injury, but more common ones include:

  • Bruising
  • Inflammation/ Swelling
  • Pain

Diagnosis

To properly diagnose the exact type of injury, podiatrists will conduct a number of different tests. Some of these include sensation and visual tests, X-rays, and MRIs. Medical and family histories will also be taken into account.

Treatment

Once the injury has been diagnosed, the podiatrist can than offer the best treatment options for you. In less severe cases, rest and keeping pressure off the foot may be all that’s necessary. Orthotics, such as a specially made shoes, or immobilization devices, like splints or casts, may be deemed necessary. Finally, if the injury is severe enough, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot and Ankle Trauma
Monday, 15 July 2019 00:00

Possible Treatment of Ingrown Toenails

When the side of the toenail grows into the surrounding skin, an ingrown toenail has developed. The symptoms that are commonly associated with this condition include redness, swelling, and tenderness. If it is not promptly treated, severe pain and discomfort may develop from a potential infection. Ingrown toenails may be common among patients with diabetes or poor circulation. Effective treatment options can include removing the part of the nail that is growing into the skin, in addition to treating the nail bed. This may help to prevent an infection from occurring again. If you have developed this uncomfortable ailment, it is advised to consult a podiatrist as quickly as possible to begin proper treatment. 

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Steven Schwartz of Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
Tuesday, 09 July 2019 00:00

Possible Causes of Cracked Heels

The medical condition that is referred to as cracked heels originates from having extremely dry skin on the heel area of the foot. This can come from standing for extended periods of time throughout the day, or from having certain medical conditions that may include psoriasis. Many people who are overweight experience cracked heels, as a result of the added weight the feet must endure. Additionally, if open back shoes are frequently worn, this condition may develop due to inadequate support these types of shoes provide. The symptoms that are often associated with this ailment include a thickening of skin on the outside of the heel. The skin may turn a dark brown or yellowish color, and cracks in the skin can develop as weight is placed on the heel. This affliction can cause severe pain and discomfort. Mild relief may be found when the feet are washed and dried daily, followed by thoroughly moisturizing them. If you have developed cracked heels, it is advised to consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward healing and prevention techniques.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Steven Schwartz from Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
Monday, 01 July 2019 00:00

What is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint replacement surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a joint and replaces them with new, man-made ones. Replacing joints can reduce pain and help you move and feel better. Joints usually will need to be repaired when they are damaged from arthritis, overuse, and sometimes disease. After a person has completed the surgery, they are typically required to undergo physical therapy as soon as possible to help strengthen the muscles around the joint and to regain motion in the joint. If you believe you have damaged or diseased joints in the feet or ankles, it is important to consult with a podiatrist. 

In certain cases, in which the patient suffers from extreme pain or damage in a joint, joint replacement surgery may be deemed useful. If you have constant pain in a foot joint, consult with Dr. Steven Schwartz from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Over time, joints wear down; this can be exacerbated by diseases and conditions. Joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is when a damaged joint is surgically removed and replaced with a prosthesis. Prostheses, which can be made of ceramic, plastic, or metal, act as joints in lieu of an actual joint. One of the most prevalent causes for joint replacement is arthritis.

Arthritis in the Foot

Arthritis can occur in any joint in the body, including in the feet. Common types of arthritis in the foot are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. The big toe is usually where arthritis occurs in the foot; this is known as hallux rigidus.

Joint Replacement Surgery in the Foot

The most common form of joint replacement in the foot is a first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint placement. MTP joint replacement surgery is designed to treat hallux rigidus. Surgery is not intensive, and recovery occurs within one to two months after the procedure has been done. Overall, joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective way to treat pain in the joint of the foot.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Joint Replacement Surgery
Sunday, 30 June 2019 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Monday, 24 June 2019 00:00

Where Is the Plantar Fascia Located?

The tissue that is located on the bottom of the foot is referred to as the plantar fascia. It connects the toes to the heel bone, and establishes the arch in the foot. If this band of tissue becomes inflamed, the medical condition known as plantar fasciitis may develop. This can be a result of wearing shoes that do not fit correctly, or it may happen if the foot is overused, or not stretched properly. Additionally, if patients run frequently on uneven surfaces, or if there is a sudden weight gain, the chances of developing this condition may increase. The symptoms that are associated with plantar fasciitis often include foot pain when taking the first steps after waking up, and discomfort while participating in running and jumping activities. If you feel you have developed this condition, it is strongly advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Steven Schwartz  from Pennsylvania. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Monday, 17 June 2019 00:00

Flip Flops and Foot Health

Many people enjoy the simplicity of wearing flip flops. They are easy to slip into, which makes them a desirable shoe to wear. Despite their popularity, research has indicated they can be harmful to the feet. The arch is typically absent in this type of shoe, which may cause pain in the feet and ankles. Additionally, flip flops lack shock absorption, and there is minimal cushioning in the heel area. Many people also have to curl their toes which helps to provide stability in these shoes, and this may change the way you walk. It is beneficial wear shoes that have a strap on the back, which aids in supporting the foot. If you would like additional information about how flip flops affect the feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.

Flip-flops are not always the best choice of footwear. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact Dr. Steven Schwartz from Pennsylvania. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

Flip-Flops and Feet

When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off; they're perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.

How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems
  • Hip problems
  • Lower back problems
  • Pain in the balls of the feet
  • Problems with foot arches
  • Changes in the way you walk

Are There Injuries Associated with Flip-Flops?

Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops regularly are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Blisters
  • Infections
  • Cuts and Scrapes

I like Wearing Flip-Flops. Are There Safe Alternatives?

When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and that are made of high-quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more but will also last longer as a result.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Mcconnellsburg, PA.  We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flip Flops and Your Feet
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